# Consider the CMOS circuit shown, where the gate voltage VG of the n-MOSFET is increased from zero, while the gate voltage of the p-MOSFET is kept constant at 3 V

know the answer question Consider the CMOS circuit shown, where the gate voltage VG of the n-MOSFET is increased from zero, while the gate voltage of the p-MOSFET is kept constant at 3 V ? Common Data/Linked Answer Questions Common Data for Questions 1 and 2 Consider the common emitter amplifier shown below with the following… Continue reading »

# In a full-wave rectifier using two ideal diodes, VDC and Vm are the DC and peak values of the voltage, respectively across a resistive load

45. In a full-wave rectifier using two ideal diodes, VDC and Vm are the DC and peak values of the voltage, respectively across a resistive load. if PIV is the peak inverse voltage of the diode, then the appropriate relationships for this rectifier are In the voltage regulator shown in figure, the load current can… Continue reading »

# For good stabilized biasing of the transistor of CE amplifier of figure, we should have

Unit Exercise-2 (2 Marks questions) Consider the circuit shown in figure below, if the diode used here has the V-I characteristic as in figure below, then the output waveform Vo is The rms value of a rectangular wave of period T, having a value of + V for a duartion T, (<T) and having -V… Continue reading »

# The drain current of a MOSFET in saturation is given by ID = K (VGS – VR)2 where k is a constant. the magnitude of the transconductance gm is

Unit Exercise – 1 The drain current of a MOSFET in saturation is given by ID = K (VGS – VR)2 where k is a constant. the magnitude of the transconductance gm is (a) K (VGS – VT)2 (b) 2K (VGS – VT) (c) ID/VGS – VDS (d) K (VGS – VT /VGS)2 solution and… Continue reading »

# Determine the output voltage of an op-amp for input voltage of 200 uV and 160 uV. the differential gain of op-amp is 4000 and value of CMRR is 150

Intro Exercise-7 Determine the output voltage of an op-amp for input voltage of 200 uV and 160 uV. the differential gain of op-amp is 4000 and value of CMRR is 150. (a) 16 V (b) 164.8 mV (c) 64 mV (d) 76 mV answer and solution : (b) For CMRR of 150 and AD =… Continue reading »

# Widlar Current Source | what is widlar current source using mosfet , output resistance

what is widlar current source using mosfet , output resistance ? derivation , calculation . Voltage Regulators An unregulated power supply consists of a transformer (step down), a rectifier and a filter. these power suppliers are not good for some applications, where constant voltage is required irrespective of external disturbances. the main disturbances are As… Continue reading »

# comparators are used in | comparators are used in circuits such as | comparator definition meaning

comparators are used in | comparators are used in circuits such as | comparator definition meaning in digital electronics ? Comparators An analog comparator has two inputs one is usually a constant reference voltage VR and other is a time varing signal VI and one output V0. the basic circuit of a comparator is shown… Continue reading »

# Integrator : what is Integrator definition , formula , meaning circuit waveform transfer function

miller integrator transfer function , Integrator : what is Integrator definition , formula , meaning circuit waveform ? Integrator A circuit in which the output voltage waveform is the integral of the input voltage waveform is called integrator. Fig. 46 (a) shows an integrator circuit using op-amp. Here, the feedback element is capacitor. the current… Continue reading »

# average codeword length definition | what is average codeword length definition formula

what is average codeword length definition formula ? average codeword length definition ? THE SOURCE CODING (i) Definition             A conversion of the output of a discrete memoryless source (DMS) into symbols (i.e., binary code word) is called source coding. The device that performs this conversion is called the source encoder. Figure 3.15 shows a… Continue reading »

# Find the differential entropy H(X) of the uniformly distributed random variable X with the following probability density function

EXAMPLE 9.32. Find the differential entropy H(X) of the uniformly distributed random variable X with the following probability density function (pdf): equation             for (i) a = 1, (ii) a = 2, and (iii) a =  . Solution: We know that the differential entropy of X is given by equation Making use of given pdf,… Continue reading »